Species

Olixon testaceum Cameron, 1887

Note: the information on the biology (Gauld 1995) likely refers to O. banksii not O. testaceum
Olixon testaceum Cameron, 1887:413, ♀. ♀, Panama, Bugaba (leg. Champion); Townes, 1977Townes, H.K. 1977. A revision of the Rhopalosomatidae (Hymenoptera). Contributions of the American Entomological Institute 15 (1):1-34.:7, Type ♂ (London); Roig Alsina & Martínez, 2010Roig-Alsina, A. & J. J. Martínez 2010. El género Olixon en la Argentina, con la descripción de una nueva especie (Hymenoptera, Rhopalosomatidae). Revista del Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales, n.s. 12 (2):263-266.:266, Type ♀ (The Natural History Museum, Londres); Lohrmann et al., 2012Lohrmann, V., M. Fox, M. Solis & L. Krogmann 2012. Systematic revision of the New World Olixon Cameron with descriptions of O. melinsula sp. n. and the hitherto unknown female of O. bicolor (Hymenoptera, Rhopalosomatidae). Deutsch. Ent. Zeitschr. 59 (2):259-275.:269, Holotype ♀, examined (Natural History Museum, London, England). - Cameron, 1883-1888Cameron, P. 1883-1888. Biologia Centrali-Americana - Insecta. Hymenoptera. (Families Tenthredinidae-Chrysididae). Taylor and Francis, Red Lion Court, Fleet Street. 487 pp., 20 pl.:413 (listed); Dalla Torre, 1898Dalla Torre, C.G. 1898. Catalogus Hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. - IV: Braconidae. Sumptibus Guilelmi Engelmann, VIII + 323. (distribution); Dover, 1922Dover, C. 1922. Resumé of recent progress in our knowledge of the indian wasps and bees. Journal and Proceedings of the Asiatic Society of Bengal (n. s.) 18:17-23. (distribution); Reid, 1939Reid, J.A. 1939. On the relationship of the hymenopterous genus Olixon and its allies, to the Pompilidae (Hym.). Proceedings of the Royal Entomological Society of London 8:95-102.:96 (description); Reid, 1941Reid, J.A. 1941. The thorax of the wingless and short-winged Hymenoptera. Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London 91 (8):367-446. (discussion of phylogenetic affinities); Brothers, 1975Brothers, D.J. 1975. Phylogeny and classification of the aculeate Hymenoptera, with special reference to Mutillidae. The University of Kansas Science Bulletin 50 (11):483-648. (phylogeny); Townes, 1977Townes, H.K. 1977. A revision of the Rhopalosomatidae (Hymenoptera). Contributions of the American Entomological Institute 15 (1):1-34. (distribution), 4 (hosts [crickets of the genus Cycloptilum]), 7 (description); Gauld, 1995Gauld, I.D. 1995. Rhopalosomatidae. In: Hanson, P.E. & I.D. Gauld (Ed.). The Hymenoptera of Costa Rica. 548-552. (distribution), 549 (hosts [Hapathis and Nemobius species]); Guidotti, 1999Guidotti, A.E. 1999. Systematics of little known parasitic wasps of the family Rhopalosomatidae (Hymenoptera: Vespoidea). Dissertation , . Canada. (distribution, figures, phylogeny); Braet et al., 2000Braet, Y., J.A. Cerda & J. Fretey 2000. Note sur quelques insectes récoltés au piège Malaise en Guyane française. Notes faunique de Gembloux 38:3-20. (distribution); Coronado Blanco & Ruíz Cancino, 2002Coronado Blanco, J.M. & E. Ruíz Cancino 2002. Registro de Rhopalosoma simile Brues (Hymenoptera: Rhopalosomatidae) para el estado de Tamaulipas, México. Acta Zoológica Mexicana (nueva serie) 86:243-244. (distribution); Fernández & Sarmiento-M., 2002Fernández, F. & C E. Sarmiento-M. 2002. A new species of Olixon Cameron and two new records of Rhopalosomatidae (Hymenoptera) from Colombia. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 110 (3):365-369. (distribution); Sarmiento, 2006Sarmiento, C.E. 2006. Familia Rhopalosomatidae. In: Fernández, F. & M.J. Sharkey (Ed.). Introducción a los Hymenoptera de la Región Neotropical. 517-519. (distribution); Gauld, 2006Gauld, I.D. 2006. Familia Rhopalosomatidae. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 77:607-609. (distribution), 608 (hosts [Cycloptilum]); Roig Alsina & Martínez, 2010Roig-Alsina, A. & J. J. Martínez 2010. El género Olixon en la Argentina, con la descripción de una nueva especie (Hymenoptera, Rhopalosomatidae). Revista del Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales, n.s. 12 (2):263-266. (distribution); Lohrmann et al., 2012Lohrmann, V., M. Fox, M. Solis & L. Krogmann 2012. Systematic revision of the New World Olixon Cameron with descriptions of O. melinsula sp. n. and the hitherto unknown female of O. bicolor (Hymenoptera, Rhopalosomatidae). Deutsch. Ent. Zeitschr. 59 (2):259-275. (photos incl. type specimen, key, diagnosis, biology, distribution); Lohrmann & Engel, 2017Lohrmann, V. & M.S. Engel 2017. The wasp larva’s last supper: 100 million years of evolutionary stasis in the larval development of rhopalosomatid wasps (Hymenoptera: Rhopalosomatidae). Fossil Record 20:239-244.:240 (listed).
Saphobethylus pallidus Kieffer, 1911 Evans, 1964Evans, H.E. 1964. A synopsis of the american Bethylidae (Hymenoptera, Aculeata). Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 132 (1):1-222.:16, Type, examined (BMNH); Townes, 1977Townes, H.K. 1977. A revision of the Rhopalosomatidae (Hymenoptera). Contributions of the American Entomological Institute 15 (1):1-34.:7, Type ♂ (London); Lohrmann et al., 2012Lohrmann, V., M. Fox, M. Solis & L. Krogmann 2012. Systematic revision of the New World Olixon Cameron with descriptions of O. melinsula sp. n. and the hitherto unknown female of O. bicolor (Hymenoptera, Rhopalosomatidae). Deutsch. Ent. Zeitschr. 59 (2):259-275.:270, Holotype ♂, examined (Natural History Museum, London, England). - Kieffer, 1914Kieffer, J.J. 1914. Bethylidae. R. Friedländer und Sohn, Berlin. 1-595. (distribution), 288 (description male); Turner & Waterston, 1917Turner, R.E. & J. Waterston 1917. Notes on the hymenopterous families Bethylidae and Rhopalosomidae. Annals and Magazine of Natural History ser. 8 (20):101-108.:107 ( listed as synonym of Olixon testaceum Cameron, 1887); Pate, 1946Pate, V.S.L. 1946. The generic names of the spider wasps (Psammocharidae olim Pompiloidae) and their type species. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 72:65-137.:106 ( listed as synonym of Olixon testaceum Cameron, 1887); Krombein, 1951Krombein, K.V. 1951. Superfamily Sphecoidea. In: Muesebeck, K.V. Krombein, and H.K. Townes (Ed.). Hymenoptera of America north of Mexico (Synoptic Catalog). 937-1034.:774 ( listed as synonym of Olixon testaceum Cameron, 1887); Lohrmann et al., 2012Lohrmann, V., M. Fox, M. Solis & L. Krogmann 2012. Systematic revision of the New World Olixon Cameron with descriptions of O. melinsula sp. n. and the hitherto unknown female of O. bicolor (Hymenoptera, Rhopalosomatidae). Deutsch. Ent. Zeitschr. 59 (2):259-275. (photo of type), 270 ( listed as synonym of Olixon testaceum Cameron, 1887). - As Olixon pallidum: - Townes, 1977Townes, H.K. 1977. A revision of the Rhopalosomatidae (Hymenoptera). Contributions of the American Entomological Institute 15 (1):1-34.:7 ( listed as synonym of Olixon testaceum Cameron, 1887). - As Saphobethyllus pallidus: - Townes, 1977Townes, H.K. 1977. A revision of the Rhopalosomatidae (Hymenoptera). Contributions of the American Entomological Institute 15 (1):1-34.:7 ( listed as synonym of Olixon testaceum Cameron, 1887). - As Saphobethyllus pallidus: - Townes, 1977Townes, H.K. 1977. A revision of the Rhopalosomatidae (Hymenoptera). Contributions of the American Entomological Institute 15 (1):1-34.:7 ( listed as synonym of Olixon testaceum Cameron, 1887).

Area distribution map

map of Olixon testaceum     Cameron, 1887

Literature

  • Braet, Y., J.A. Cerda & J. Fretey 2000. Note sur quelques insectes récoltés au piège Malaise en Guyane française. Notes faunique de Gembloux 38:3-20.
  • Brothers, D.J. 1975. Phylogeny and classification of the aculeate Hymenoptera, with special reference to Mutillidae. The University of Kansas Science Bulletin 50 (11):483-648.
  • Cameron, P. 1883-1888. Biologia Centrali-Americana - Insecta. Hymenoptera. (Families Tenthredinidae-Chrysididae). Taylor and Francis, Red Lion Court, Fleet Street. 487 pp., 20 pl.
  • Coronado Blanco, J.M. & E. Ruíz Cancino 2002. Registro de Rhopalosoma simile Brues (Hymenoptera: Rhopalosomatidae) para el estado de Tamaulipas, México. Acta Zoológica Mexicana (nueva serie) 86:243-244.
  • Dalla Torre, C.G. 1898. Catalogus Hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. - IV: Braconidae. Sumptibus Guilelmi Engelmann, VIII + 323.
  • Dover, C. 1922. Resumé of recent progress in our knowledge of the indian wasps and bees. Journal and Proceedings of the Asiatic Society of Bengal (n. s.) 18:17-23.
  • Evans, H.E. 1964. A synopsis of the american Bethylidae (Hymenoptera, Aculeata). Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 132 (1):1-222.
  • Fernández, F. & C E. Sarmiento-M. 2002. A new species of Olixon Cameron and two new records of Rhopalosomatidae (Hymenoptera) from Colombia. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 110 (3):365-369.
  • Gauld, I.D. 1995. Rhopalosomatidae. In: Hanson, P.E. & I.D. Gauld (Ed.). The Hymenoptera of Costa Rica. 548-552.
  • Gauld, I.D. 2006. Familia Rhopalosomatidae. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 77:607-609.
  • Guidotti, A.E. 1999. Systematics of little known parasitic wasps of the family Rhopalosomatidae (Hymenoptera: Vespoidea). Dissertation , . Canada.
  • Kieffer, J.J. 1911. Nouveaux Bethylides et Dryinides exotique du British Museum de Londres. Annales de la Société Scientifique de Bruxelles 35:1-34.
  • Kieffer, J.J. 1914. Bethylidae. R. Friedländer und Sohn, Berlin. 1-595.
  • Krombein, K.V. 1951. Superfamily Sphecoidea. In: Muesebeck, K.V. Krombein, and H.K. Townes (Ed.). Hymenoptera of America north of Mexico (Synoptic Catalog). 937-1034.
  • Lohrmann, V. & M.S. Engel 2017. The wasp larva’s last supper: 100 million years of evolutionary stasis in the larval development of rhopalosomatid wasps (Hymenoptera: Rhopalosomatidae). Fossil Record 20:239-244.
  • Lohrmann, V., M. Fox, M. Solis & L. Krogmann 2012. Systematic revision of the New World Olixon Cameron with descriptions of O. melinsula sp. n. and the hitherto unknown female of O. bicolor (Hymenoptera, Rhopalosomatidae). Deutsch. Ent. Zeitschr. 59 (2):259-275.
  • Pate, V.S.L. 1946. The generic names of the spider wasps (Psammocharidae olim Pompiloidae) and their type species. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 72:65-137.
  • Reid, J.A. 1939. On the relationship of the hymenopterous genus Olixon and its allies, to the Pompilidae (Hym.). Proceedings of the Royal Entomological Society of London 8:95-102.
  • Reid, J.A. 1941. The thorax of the wingless and short-winged Hymenoptera. Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London 91 (8):367-446.
  • Roig-Alsina, A. & J. J. Martínez 2010. El género Olixon en la Argentina, con la descripción de una nueva especie (Hymenoptera, Rhopalosomatidae). Revista del Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales, n.s. 12 (2):263-266.
  • Sarmiento, C.E. 2006. Familia Rhopalosomatidae. In: Fernández, F. & M.J. Sharkey (Ed.). Introducción a los Hymenoptera de la Región Neotropical. 517-519.
  • Townes, H.K. 1977. A revision of the Rhopalosomatidae (Hymenoptera). Contributions of the American Entomological Institute 15 (1):1-34.
  • Turner, R.E. & J. Waterston 1917. Notes on the hymenopterous families Bethylidae and Rhopalosomidae. Annals and Magazine of Natural History ser. 8 (20):101-108.